Faithful Transcriptions

A digital crowd sourcing project for medieval theological manuscripts

In spring 2021, the Berlin State Library and the Leipzig University Library will organize a digital transcribathon. Further information can be found on the event website.

 

Topic data sets – Hackathon Coding Precarity

In September 2020 the hackathon „Coding Precarity – Social Issues in Cultural Data“, organized by the Berlin State Library and the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, took place in Berlin. During this three-day event, interdisciplinary teams of computer scientists, designers and humanities scholars developed innovative projects using digitised historical documents from the Berlin State Library and the ZBW, addressing questions such as precarious employment, economic uncertainty, and social marginalization.


Data sets


The Social Question

Description:

With industrialisation, economic and social structures change dramatically: inhabitants of rural spaces move to growing cities in search of work, and the resulting oversupply of workers leads to low wages and impoverishment. These problems and their possible solutions were addressed controversially in the 19th century as the Social Question.


Materials:

Historical prints from the period 1844-1919 in German with reference to all subjects


Scope:

32 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB and ZBW stock


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


Misery and Care

Description:

Due to the mass social misery in the cities, institutionalised and professionalised social work emerged alongside the tradition of upper class private charity, regarding poverty, crime and social problems as economically induced. Nevertheless, the view of self-inflicted poverty and misery also persisted and led to attempts to enforce moral conformity through prohibition and social control.


Materials:

Historical prints from the period 1845-1925 in German with reference to all subjects


Scope:

54 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB and ZBW stock


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


Textile Industry and Agriculture

Description:

Surveys and statistics documenting the economic and social situation of specific professional groups provide insights into the working and living conditions of the working class and also show the efforts of labour unions and movements to constantly improve these conditions.


Materials:

Historical prints from the period 1792-1920 in German with reference to all subjects


Scope:

38 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB and ZBW stock


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


Women as Social and Factory Workers

Description:

Women were generally more affected by social changes and their economic position was even more difficult than that of male workers. At the same time, new fields of professional activity were established for women, for example in social work, which led to help offered by women for women.


Materials:

Historical prints from the period 1792-1919 in German with reference to all subjects


Scope:

27 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB and ZBW stock


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


Commercial Profit and Work Reform

Description:

Under the pressure of the labour movement and increasingly strong social democratic parties, social insurance schemes were established in 1883-1891, and there was an ongoing fight for better conditions, such as higher wages and regulated working hours. However, these reforms were sometimes regarded as a danger for economic profit and therefore prevented by the employers.


Materials:

Historical prints from the period 1828-1924 in German and French with reference to all subjects


Scope:

42 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB and ZBW stock


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


Marginalisation and Criminialisation

Description:

Marginalised and criminalised groups, such as sick and unemployed persons, orphans, widows, unmarried mothers, alcohol addicts or prostitutes, were most dramatically affected by economic and social pressure in the 19th century. In the efforts to help these persons in need, both supportive and regulatory tendencies can be identified, offering help only in exchange for moral and social control.


Materials:

Historical prints from the period 1736-1925 in German with reference to all subjects


Scope:

54 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB and ZBW stock


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


Socialism and Liberalism

Description:

With the emergence of the labour movement and the rise of socialist parties, the question of interaction between the economical and the political system became crucial. While labour unions advocated for the protection of workers, proponents of liberalism and nationalism saw this as a weakening of economic power and thus as a danger for the prosperity of the national state.


Materials:

Historical prints from the period 1876-1924 in German with reference to all subjects


Scope:

37 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB and ZBW stock


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


Housing Shortage and Food Prices

Description:

The growth of cities led to housing shortage and overcrowding of flats with poor hygienic conditions. Moreover, the income of many working class people didn’t allow for sufficient alimentation. Also in rural areas the job scarcity often led to difficult living conditions. Proposed solutions for these problems were the establishment of worker’s colonies, the construction of garden cities in the suburbs and the increasing industrialisation of smaller towns.


Materials:

Historical prints from the period 1870-1920 in German with reference to all subjects


Scope:

21 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB and ZBW stock


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


Stand: 23.11.2020


 

Projects Hackathon Coding Precarity 2020

In September 2020 the hackathon „Coding Precarity – Social Issues in Cultural Data“, organized by the Berlin State Library and the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, took place in Berlin. During this three-day event, interdisciplinary teams of computer scientists, designers and humanities scholars developed innovative projects using digitised historical documents from the Berlin State Library and the ZBW, addressing questions such as precarious employment, economic uncertainty, and social marginalization.

Short descriptions of the projects realised during the event and awarded by the jury can be found below.

 

 

Projects Hackathon Coding Gender 2019

In the summer of 2019 the hackathon „Coding Gender – Women in Cultural Data“ took place in the Berlin State Library. During this three-day event, interdisciplinary teams of computer scientists, designers and humanities scholars developed innovative projects using digitised historical documents from the Berlin State Library and addressing questions such as the visibility of women in cultural data, the construction and representation of gender roles and the relation between today’s socio-political debates and historical gender stereotypes.

Short descriptions of the projects realised during the event and awarded by the jury can be found below. The topic data sets created from the Digitised Collections of the Berlin State Library that were used during the hackathon are accessible here.

 

 

Topic data sets – Hackathon Coding Gender

In the summer of 2019 the hackathon „Coding Gender – Women in Cultural Data“ took place in the Berlin State Library. During this three-day event, interdisciplinary teams of computer scientists, designers and humanities scholars developed innovative projects using digitized historical documents and addressing questions such as the visibility of women in cultural data, the construction and representation of gender roles and the relation between today’s socio-political debates and historical gender stereotypes.
The topic datasets created from the Digitized Collections of the SBB for this hackathon are accessible here.


Data sets


🔗 Imposed Identities and Moral Claims

Description:

Gender roles are constructed, discussed and set as normative concepts not only in scientific, but also in literary, educational and entertaining works by connecting specific qualities and modes of conduct with them. Furthermore, some works are specially dedicated to an audience defined by gender, e.g. almanacs for women.


Materials:

Historical prints (monographs, illustrations, leaflets) from the period 1613-1920 in German and English with reference to all subjects


Scope:

84 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB stock


Specifics:

full texts of 30 works


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


🔗 Empowerment and its Enemies

Description:

This data set contains early works concerning the social and legal position of women and documents from the women’s movement in the second half of the 19th century. In this time, women conquered a new freedom of action and challengend traditional gender roles, in political and socioeconomic contexts as well as in everyday life, e.g. by leisure activites like cycling or girl scout hiking.


Materials:

Historical prints (monographs, portraits, pamphlets, leaflets) from the period 1792-1920 in German and English with reference to all subjects


Scope:

29 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB stock


Specifics:

full texts of 14 works


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


🔗 A Life of One‘s Own?

Description:

The construction of gender roles often implies specific ways of life. Documents in this data set contain ideas and rules on how to lead a “good” female life. By and by, alternative lifestyles emerge in addition to the traditional ideal of women as wives and mothers, including academic studies, wagework and artistic activities.


Materials:

Historical prints (monographs, leaflets, illustrations) and manuscripts (handwritten letters) from the period 1757-1920 in German, French and English with reference to all subjects


Scope:

61 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB stock


Specifics:

full texts of 29 works


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


🔗 Sex and Gender

Description:

Historical scientific works about sex and gender often connect medical and psychological observations with judgements and regulations, and thus pathologize or even criminalize deviations from the heteronormative standard. Furthermore, sex education books show that access to knowledge about sexuality was shaped according to gender stereotypes.


Materials:

Historical prints (monographs, leaflets) and manuscripts (handwritten letters) from the period 1518-1920 in German and Latin with reference to all subjects.


Scope:

56 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB stock


Specifics:

full texts of 34 works


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


🔗 Binary / Non-Binary

Description:

For centuries, the discourse about gender has been based on the concept of two clearly distinct and opposed categories, “woman” and “man”. This data set contains documents which set out and consolidate this view in medical, psychological, and social perspectives, but also some works that challenge gender binarity by discussing alternative concepts.


Materials:

Historical prints (monographs, illustrations) and manuscripts (handwritten letters) from the period 1531-1920 in German, English and Latin with reference to all subjects


Scope:

92 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB stock


Specifics:

full texts of 44 works


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


🔗 Gender – Race – Class

Description:

Discrimination against women is often combined with other forms of discrimination, e.g. for social or ethnic reasons, a phenomenon called intersectionality. This data set contains mainly documents from colonial contexts.


Materials:

Historical prints (monographs, picture books, sheet of pictures) from the period 1757-1917 in German with reference to all subjects


Scope:

17 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB stock


Specifics:

full texts of 10 works


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


🔗 Women in Wartime

Description:

The state of emergency during the first world war had a great impact on gender roles. On the one hand, an increasing number of women did wagework and assumed responsibilites formerly reserved to men; on the other hand, in the patriotic war propaganda, women mainly appeared as loving mothers and weak beings in need of male protection.


Materials:

Historical prints (monographs, picture books, leaflets), photographs, handwritten material form the period 1870-1919 in German and English with reference to all subjects


Scope:

44 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB stock


Specifics:

full texts of 31 works


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


🔗 Individual Lives

Description:

This data set contains documents about the personal lives of artists, e.g. the composer Luise Adolpha Le Beau and the writers Madame de Staël and Lou Andreas-Salomé, as well as scientists, like Elsa Neumann and Magnus Hirschfeld.


Materials:

Historical prints (monographs, portraits), manuscripts (handwritten letters), newspaper excerpts from the period 1752-1920 in German and French with reference to all subjects


Scope:

111 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB stock


Specifics:

no full texts


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


🔗 Doll‘s Kitchen and Aeroplane Kite

Description:

Even today, the classification pink and blue, princess and pirate, passive and active for girls and boys respectively is still ubiquitous and forces children to assume binary gender roles at a very early stage of life. This data set contains historical precursors of this phenomenon.


Materials:

Historical prints (monographs, portraits, picture books, sheets of pictures) from the period 1562-1920 in German, French, and Dutch with reference to all subjects


Scope:

71 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB stock


Specifics:

full texts of 40 works


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


🔗 Picturing Gender

Description:

Pictures often show implicit gender concepts by the way of representing persons or the choice of the scene in which they are represented.


Materials:

Historical prints (monographs, engravings, sheets of pictures), photographs and paintings from the period 1518-1920 in German, French and English with reference to all subjects


Scope:

153 works / METS files; a fraction of the relevant SBB stock


Specifics:

full texts of 25 works


Licenses:

Public Domain Mark 1.0


Links:


Contact persons:


Stand: 23.06.2020